Overview[ edit ] Definitions of complexity often depend on the concept of a confidential " system " — a set of parts or elements that have relationships among them differentiated from relationships with other elements outside the relational regime. Many definitions tend to postulate or assume that complexity expresses a condition of numerous elements in a system and numerous forms of relationships among the elements.
Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum. Pakistan This is the entry for the country's name. For further information about the country, see the. To be more precise, it was divinely inspired.
To quote the inspiree: I observed chillahs and prayed for Allah's guidance. According to a interview with his generally admiring former secretary, Miss Frosthe was led to the name while riding on the top of a London bus.
It was evidently no pedestrian epiphany. The word first appeared in a four-page leaflet entitled Now or Never, published January 28, The leaflet was signed by Rahmat Ali and three fellow students at Cambridge University. That leaflet used the form Pakstan no letter i and implied an expansion: At this solemn hour in the history of Indiawhen British and Indian statesmen are laying the foundations of a Federal Constitution for that land, we address this appeal to you, in the name of our common heritage, on behalf of our thirty million Muslim brethren who live in PAKSTAN - by which we mean the five Northern units of India, Viz: Punjab, North-West Frontier Province Afghan ProvinceKashmir, Sind and Baluchistan - for your sympathy and support in our grim and fateful struggle against political crucifixion and complete annihilation.
The Pak National Liberation Movement.
I bet that glitch was the work of a saboteur from a large country on the Indian subcontinent, nudge, nudge, wink, wink. We must remain vigilant and preserve military parity! As I was writing, on page of the latter work, Rahmat Ali made the etymological testament quoted earlier, and gave the following detailed explanation and expansion: It means the lands of the Paks--the spiritually pure and clean.
It symbolizes the religious beliefs and the ethnical stocks of our people; and it stands for all the territorial constituents of our original Fatherland. It has no other origin and no other meaning; and it does not admit of any other interpretation.
Oh well, a little bit of inconsistency to spice the pot. I haven't yet been able to get my hands on the cited source.
The above is cribbed from Khalid B. That edition covered the longer periodbut the later version has added material. For Urdu I cite William E. Basic Urdu and English Wordbook The Urdu there is written in LRU script, q. For Persian I have the authority of A.
Librairie du Liban,where it is the second translation offered for pur. A more compendious source is F. Librairie du Liban, Given its repeated appearance, I'll mention that according to its colophon, Librairie du Liban was founded in Librairie is a faux ami. The volume cited is a reimpression of Steingass's first edition.
One example is the DGEa Greek - Spanish dictionary under construction at the turn of the twenty-first century, based on but considerably improving upon the LSJan early twentieth-century revision of a nineteenth-century Greek-English dictionary, which in turn was based on the Greek-German lexicon of Franz Passow first editionbased in turn on the Greek-German lexicon of Johann Gottlob Schneider first edition Anyway, the point of bringing up this dictionary here is that on page it gives a pretty good sense of the semantic range of pak in Persian.
The suffix -stan is productive in Persian and many nearby languages that Persian has influenced some of these languages are Indo-European like Persian, and some are not ; a vowel is often inserted to avoid uncomfortable consonant clusters.
A related fact of some relevance: In Semitic languages, this sort of matres lectionis is generally enough to disambiguate the pronunciation, since the languages are built up out of consonantal roots with vowels determined grammatically and therefore usually inferable semantically.
And you thought English was crazy.
Imagine if every spelling were as ambiguous as read or read, and most of the letters looked alike. Persian manages using an Arabic script with the addition of four consonants for sounds not present in Arabic. Baluchi or Balochi was considered a dialect of Persian i. Urdu is also written in Arabic characters.
However, the partition left the largest number of subcontinent Muslims, and particularly of Urdu speakers, in the new country of India.Aug 06, · This list is a combination of the three divided pages, for users who have no trouble loading large pages and prefer a single page to scroll or search through.
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Moderation / Criticism / Exposition / Exposés David Aaronovitch. Catholics try, rather unconvincingly, to show how conferring sainthood is different in principle to the pagan apotheosis (the process that made Claudius, for instance, into a God), but the distinction doesn't quite wash. . 8: Apropos of the last point I remember an author (spoiler: it was probably Lawrence Miles) opining about how modern animation movies take things that should be magical and make them into jobs: toys, monsters, superheroes, even emotions, all structured like a workplace.
The American Radiotron In my last post and in several previous posts, I have made reference to the Electronic Designer's Handbook, written by Robert Landee, Donovan Davis, and Albert initiativeblog.com I could keep only few books about tube electronics, this would certainly be one of my choices.
In this paper we show how to create a UVM testbench with interface connections that universally work in any design simulation context. A harness is a common solution for encapsulating interfaces, binding them to the DUT, and publishing virtual interface assignments.