He is now chiefly remembered for his literary works, including funeral panegyrics for great personages. Early life and priesthood. Bossuet was born of a family of magistrates.
Wars between countries were bad enough, but even worse sometimes were the civil wars within countries, civil wars made worse by religious division e.
How do you stop such conflicts? How do you create a stable, peaceful society? Especially important in this regard, the three thinkers I especially want to emphasize next: Bossuet, Hobbes, and Locke.
Locke, on the other hand, offers an even more convincing argument for more limited government.
He was a tremendously popular preacher and one of most prolific theological writers of his time. Naturally enough, with such responsibility, Bossuet devoted considerable effort to figuring out how government might ideally operate.
Also, naturally enough for a Bishop, he derived his ideas primarily from the scripture. We have his ideas in a book with the title, "The Principles of Politics derived from the scripture.
Bossuet maintains that they advocate monarchy. God himself a king. When Jesus returns, he will reign as king. We are taught to pray, "Thy kingdom come Bossuet uses examples like David and Solomon to show that this is the form of govt.
Further, says Bossuet, we can see this is the government God intends for us by the fact that monarchy is the most common, most ancient, and most natural form of government all the countries of Europe, are ruled by kings; throughout the world, their are kings; back in history: Monarchy, then, is the form of government God intends for us.
But what kind of monarchy? No--absolute, hereditary monarchy, with succession determined by male primogeniture.
It is the most advantageous of all governmental forms. But what if the king is a tyrant? Bossuet argues that subjects owe complete obedience to their sovereign regardless.
For one thing, to rebel disrupts the unity of the state and leads to civil war: What does a subject do when a ruler is harsh, cruel, or misguided? Bossuet goes to great lengths to show that a king has great responsibilities to his people, foremost of which are to ensure justice and peace--and the true religion.
But it is God who places this responsibility on the king, and to God alone that he is answerable. But what about freedom? Very important, says Bossuet.
But when are you free? When crime is everywhere? When there is fighting in the streets and disorder?Jacques Bossuet () was a French bishop during time of Louis XIV. He was a tremendously popular preacher and one of most prolific theological writers of his time.
Louis XIV chose him to be tutor of the dauphin, the heir to the French throne, and later to the dauphin's son, the heir to the heir. Bossuet's writing reaffirmed the divine right of kings. Contract theory of government Society was the result of an agreement between its members and government as arising out of a similar agreement.
Jacques Benigne Bossuet () Politics Derived from Holy Writ Excerpts from the Original Electronic Text at the web site of the Hanover Historical Texts Project. As a priest holding a Doctor of Divinity, Bossuet earned a reputation both as a sound classical and Biblical scholar and as a brilliant preacher.
During the 17th century, Europe experienced economics crises, religious wars, and civil unrest.
Absolute monarchy was but one response to the search for a more ordered society. Jacques-Bénigne Lignel Bossuet (French: ; 27 September – 12 April ) was a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses.
He has been considered by many to be one of the most brilliant orators of all time and a masterly French stylist.. Court preacher to Louis XIV of France, Bossuet was a strong advocate of political absolutism and the divine right of initiativeblog.com: Roman Catholic Church.
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (French: Bossuet was a strong advocate of political absolutism and the divine right of kings. He argued that government was divine and that kings received their power from God. He was also an important courtier and politician.