Introduction A college degree has long been viewed as the ticket to a good job and social mobility, but many recent college graduates are finding that their investments in education are not paying off.
What are the causes of unemployment in India? It is obvious that the unemployment situation is grim indeed. It has, therefore, to be tackled with appropriate measures and on an urgent basis. However, before we discussed the ways and means of removing unemployment, it is necessary that we understand the causes that given rise to it.
The major causes which have been responsible for the wide spread unemployment can be spelt out as under. It is the leading cause of unemployment in Rural India. In India, particularly in rural areas, the population is increasing rapidly.
It has adversely affected the unemployment situation largely in two ways. In the first place, the growth of population directly encouraged the unemployment by making large addition to labour force. It is because the rate of job expansion could never have been as high as population growth would have required.
It is true that the increasing labour force requires the creation of new job opportunities at an increasing rate. But in actual practice employment expansion has not been sufficient to match the growth of the labor force, and to reduce the back leg of unemployment.
This leads to unemployment situation secondly; the rapid population growth indirectly affected the unemployment situation by reducing the resources for capital formation. Any rise in population, over a large absolute base as in India, implies a large absolute number. It means large additional expenditure on their rearing up, maintenance, and education.
As a consequence, more resources get used up in private consumption such as food, clothing, shelter and son on in public consumption like drinking water, electricity medical and educational facilities. This has reduced the opportunities of diverting a larger proportion of incomes to saving and investment.
Thus, population growth has created obstacles in the way of first growth of the economy and retarded the growth of job opportunities. Land is the gift of nature.
It is always constant and cannot expand like population growth.
Since, India population increasing rapidly, therefore, the land is not sufficient for the growing population. As a result, there is heavy pressure on the land. In rural areas, most of the people depend directly on land for their livelihood.
Land is very limited in comparison to population. It creates the unemployment situation for a large number of persons who depend on agriculture in rural areas. In Rural Society agriculture is the only means of employment. However, most of the rural people are engaged directly as well as indirectly in agricultural operation.
But, agriculture in India is basically a seasonal affair. It provides employment facilities to the rural people only in a particular season of the year.
For example, during the sowing and harvesting period, people are fully employed and the period between the post harvest and before the next sowing they remain unemployed.
It has adversely affected their standard of living.
In India, due to the heavy pressure on land of large population results the fragmentation of land. It creates a great obstacle in the part of agriculture. As land is fragmented and agricultural work is being hindered the people who depend on agriculture remain unemployed.
This has an adverse effect on the employment situation. It also leads to the poverty of villagers. The method of agriculture in India is very backward. Till now, the rural farmers followed the old farming methods.
As a result, the farmer cannot feed properly many people by the produce of his farm and he is unable to provide his children with proper education or to engage them in any profession.
It leads to unemployment problem. In Rural India, village or cottage industries are the only mans of employment particularly of the landless people. They depend directly on various cottage industries for their livelihood. But, now-a-days, these are adversely affected by the industrialisation process.
Actually, it is found that they cannot compete with modern factories in matter or production.There is a boom of software companies, Outsourcing companies in India, but still facing the problem of unemployment. Here are some of the reasons why there is unemployment in India There are employment opportunities in India, but the rising population problem creates the unemployment.
Sep 13, · EDUCATED UNEMPLOYMENT AND REMEDIES. India in spite being a developing country with its GDP growth have got a respectful economic stability status at the time of recession.
But in most of the developing countries the economic condition plays a significant role in employment. Educated youth need employability and wage package that. Oct 25, · Unemployment is one of the biggest challenges in India, exponential rise in population has snatched the methods of livelihood, and even educated youth are unemployed today.
In simpler terms, unemployment is the state of not having a job. A country is said to have a high rate of unemployment when many of its citizens do not have jobs. When a lot of people are without work in a nation, levels of poverty are also high due to lack of income sources.
Sep 13, · EDUCATED UNEMPLOYMENT AND REMEDIES.
India in spite being a developing country with its GDP growth have got a respectful economic stability status at the time of recession. But in most of the developing countries the economic condition plays a significant role in employment.
Educated youth need employability and wage package that. This article provides information about the Causes, Effects, Forms and Schemes to reduce unemployment in India: Unemployment is a major problem of a developing country like India.