Posted on 31 May by Elena Shvidko How many times have we heard from our students that one of the most challenging aspects of writing for them is coming up with ideas? And the answer that we usually give them is: Based on student feedback, what I found really helps students develop their creativity and brainstorming skills, as well as their critical thinking, is something we all are well familiar with—freewriting.
Updating the process approach: The Process Approach Most research in writing pedagogy today concludes that the most effective way to teach writing is through a process approach. This approach assumes that a writer needs to be writing for authentic purposes in an extended process that includes prewriting, writing, revising, and editing--though these are done in a recursive manner rather than in discrete steps.
As writers work through the writing process, they move through recursive steps that first emphasize fluency i. In process-oriented classrooms, students enjoy: Instruction in the process of writing—learning how to work at a given writing task in appropriate phases, including prewriting, drafting, and revising.
The opportunity to write for real, personally significant puposes.
Experience in writing for a wide range of audiences, both inside and outside of school. Rich and continuous reading experience, including both published writing and the work of peers and teachers. Exposure to models of writing in process and writers at work, including both classmates and skilled adult writers.
Collaborative activities that provide ideas for writing and guidance in revising drafts in progress. One-to-one writing conferences with the teacher. Inquiry-oriented classroom activities that involve students with rich sets of data and social interaction, and that focus on specific modes of elements of writing.
Increased use of sentence-combining exercises which replaces instruction in grammatical terminology. Moderate marking of the surface structure errors in student papers, focusing on sets or patterns of related errors.
Flexible and cumulative evaluation of writing that stresses revision. Writing as a tool of learning in all subjects across the curriculum.
The process approach differs from traditional methods of teaching writing in significant ways, as is seen in the following chart. Writing processes are varied and recursive. One might start at different points in the process Writers must be taught in small, incremental parts.
As can be seen by the diagram below, the teacher provides more direction and support as students work through the process. Bridging English 5th ed. Created by Nancy M.The Process Approach.
Most research in writing pedagogy today concludes that the most effective way to teach writing is through a process approach. This approach assumes that a writer needs to be writing for authentic purposes in an extended process that includes prewriting, writing, revising, and editing--though these are done in a .
The integrated approach to literature-based instruction involves implementing a combination of reading groups, self-selected, and whole class reading.
Let's look at a couple of examples. Let's look at a couple of examples. Reader-based prose is a kind of public writing: a text that is composed (or revised) with an audience in mind. Contrast with writer-based prose. The concept of reader-based prose is part of a controversial social-cognitive theory of writing that was introduced by professor of rhetoric Linda Flower in the late s and early s.
Building Student Literacy Through Sustained Silent Reading. by Steve Gardiner. Table of Contents. Chapter 1. Creating Lifelong Readers. Sustained silent reading is a time during which a class, or in some cases an entire school, reads quietly together.
Uses of Japanese (L1) in the English Classroom: Introducing the Functional-Translation Method Robert Weschler. weschler [at] initiativeblog.com ADVANCED WRITING. IN ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE A Corpus-Based Study of Processes and Products Horvath Jozsef Lingua Franca Csoport ADVANCED WRITING IN ENGLISH.