She first came to Paris in and found fame as a performer of exotic Asian-inspired dances. In reality, Mata Hari was born in a small town in northern Holland inand her real name was Margaretha Geertruida Zelle. She acquired her superficial knowledge of Indian and Javanese dances when she lived for several years in Malaysia with her former husband, who was a Scot in the Dutch colonial army.
Her father owned a hat shop, made successful investments in the oil industry, and became affluent enough to give Margaretha a lavish early childhood  that included exclusive schools until the age of The family fell apart, and Margaretha moved to live with her godfather, Mr.
In Leidenshe studied to be a kindergarten teacher, but when the headmaster began to flirt with her conspicuously, she was removed from the institution by her offended godfather. Zelle married MacLeod in Amsterdam on 11 July The marriage enabled her to move into the Dutch upper class, and her finances were placed on a sound footing.
Her children Louise Jeanne and Norman-John, with his father The marriage was an overall disappointment. He also openly kept a concubinea socially accepted practice in the Dutch East Indies at that time. The disenchanted Zelle abandoned him temporarily, moving in with Van Rheedes, another Dutch officer.
For months, she studied the Indonesian traditions intensively, joining a local dance company. Inshe revealed her artistic name of Mata Hari, Malay Indonesian as a standardized register did not exist in for "sun" literally, "eye of the day"in correspondence to her relatives in the Netherlands.
She escaped her circumstances by studying the local culture. Jeanne survived, but Norman died. Some sources  maintain that one of MacLeod's enemies may have poisoned a supper to kill both of their children.
After moving back to the Netherlands, the couple officially separated on August 30, The divorce became final in Zelle was awarded custody of Jeanne. MacLeod was legally required to pay supportwhich he never did, making life very difficult for Zelle and her daughter. During a visit of Jeanne with her father, MacLeod decided not to return Jeanne to her mother.
Zelle was forced to accept the situation, not having the resources to fight it, in the knowledge that whatever kind of husband MacLeod had been to her, he had always been a good father. Jeanne later died at the age of 21, also possibly from complications relating to syphilis.
Struggling to earn a living, she also posed as an artist's model. ByMata Hari began to win fame as an exotic dancer. She was a contemporary of dancers Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denisleaders in the early modern dance movement, which around the turn of the 20th century looked to Asia and Egypt for artistic inspiration.
Critics would later write about this and other such movements within the context of Orientalism. Gabriel Astruc became her personal booking agent.
She posed as a Javanese princess of priestly Hindu birth, pretending to have been immersed in the art of sacred Indian dance since childhood. She was photographed numerous times during this period, nude or nearly so.
Some of these pictures were obtained by MacLeod and strengthened his case in keeping custody of their daughter. Mata Hari brought a carefree provocative style to the stage in her act, which garnered wide acclaim. The most celebrated segment of her act was her progressive shedding of clothing until she wore just a jeweled bra and some ornaments upon her arms and head.
She wore a bodystocking for her performances that was similar in color to her own skin. Her act was spectacularly successful because it elevated exotic dance to a more respectable status and so broke new ground in a style of entertainment for which Paris was later to become world famous.
Her style and free-willed attitude made her a very popular woman, as did her eagerness to perform in exotic and revealing clothing.
She posed for provocative photos and mingled in wealthy circles. Since most Europeans at the time were unfamiliar with the Dutch East Indies, Mata Hari was thought of as exotic, and it was assumed her claims were genuine.
Mata Hari inwearing only a bra and jewellery By aboutmyriad imitators had arisen. Critics began to opine that the success and dazzling features of the popular Mata Hari were due to cheap exhibitionism and lacked artistic merit. Although she continued to schedule important social events throughout Europe, she was held in disdain by serious cultural institutions as a dancer who did not know how to dance.
On 13 Marchshe performed in what would be the last show of her career. However, by this time she had become a successful courtesanknown more for her sensuality and eroticism than for her beauty.
She had relationships with high-ranking military officers, politicians, and others in influential positions in many countries. Her relationships and liaisons with powerful men frequently took her across international borders.This review is for the Warner Brothers standard def DVD version from Grossly fictionalized and sensationalized love story based around the life of the famous exotic dancer and alleged spy, Mata Hari.
sign up for our newsletter. Sign up for our newsletter and stay informed of the latest developments. May 31, · Mata Hari, the archetype of the seductive female spy, is executed for espionage by a French firing squad at Vincennes outside of Paris.
She first came to Paris in and found fame as a. Pictures, documents, manufacturing data, ratings, comments, features, and history for Bally 'Mata Hari' pinball machine.
Mata Hari was born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle in Leeuwarden, Netherlands, on August 7, , to father Adam Zelle, a hat merchant who went bankrupt due to bad investments, and mother Antje Zelle. Tina Mitchell as Mata Hari, behind scrim and bejeweled before being stripped of her possessions at Saint-Lazare prison.
All photos by Cory Weaver. On February 13, , a Dutch woman, Margaretha Geertruida MacLeod (née Zelle), was arrested in Paris, accused of spying for Germany during The Great War, which was still under way.