In casual encounters with the material universe, we rarely feel any difficulty here, since we usually deal with things that are clearly alive, such as a dog or a rattlesnake; or with things that are clearly nonalive, such as a brick or a typewriter. Nevertheless, the task of defining "life" is both difficult and subtle; something that at once becomes evident if we stop to think.
I had been clambering with difficulty over a rocky hill near my childhood home, and found myself moving toward a large white nightshirt hung ominously from the electrical wires, as some kind of warning or portent.
The nightshirt was riddled with bullet-holes. Though I turned away, in the dream, I only found my path leading me toward another, identical nightshirt, also bullet-riddled, but farther off.
This was all accompanied by a feeling of foreboding. Wormholes through space meant, inevitably, wormholes through time.
In the early s, a Russian physicist named Igor Novikov worked out that physical law would actually prevent any such self-inhibition, that in fact a principle of self-consistency would govern a wormhole-riddled universe.
Even if an object could enter a wormhole at some time point B and emerge earlier, at some time point A, it could never actually interfere with its own entry into the wormhole at that later time point B.
Two Caltech students of black hole and wormhole expert Kip Thorne checked and found that Novikov was right: Instead, what happens is the time-traveling object encounters its earlier self and interferes in such a way that its later entry into the wormhole is actually facilitated.
All possible paths of a billiard ball entering a wormhole later bottom, in graphic at right would in fact, upon exiting the wormhole earlier topnudge itself into the mouth of the wormhole later, thus completing the causal tautology, or what physicists call the closed-timelike curve.
My book Time Loops touches lightly on the physics of time-traveling billiard balls and quantum informational reflux into the past, but it delves mainly into the psychodynamic principles governing time-traveling information in our tesseract brains.
It is no coincidence, I think, that the associative laws of the unconscious work so nicely to prevent paradox in beings who are subject much more than we know to premonitions and who are constantly guided by a kind of presentimental orientation toward future rewards.
The unconscious, I suggest, is just ordinary conscious thought displaced in time. Paradox is prevented by the very nature of the rules that allow information to reflux into the past, specifically the limitations on making that refluxing information meaningful as opposed to noise.
A typical precognitive dream is an oblique and indirect associative halo around some future experience or train of thought; its exact relationship to that experience or train of thought only becomes clear in hindsight.
There are apparent exceptions: One way or another, the information that arrives from the future in dreams and altered states is garbled or incomplete and thus cannot be used to foreclose the inciting experience.
Could the laws preventing billiard balls from interfering with themselves in wormholes offer us a new way of thinking about the processes of distortion in dreams? But whatever the ultimate explanation, the principles are similar: Our future conscious thoughts interfere with us in the present and deflect us just the right way so we end up having those future thoughts at just the right time, creating time loops in our lives.
The best example of this happens, not coincidentally, to be one of the most famous and influential dreams in history: I discuss this dream at length in my book, but the short version is this: It was hard to get her to open her mouth—she acted like a woman shy because of wearing dentures.
It was this dream that led Freud to the famous, controversial conclusion that all dreams are the disguised fulfillment of repressed wishes. Ina Brazilian psychoanalyst and cancer surgeon named Jose Schavelzon noticed something amazing: It became hard for Freud to open his mouth once a denture-like prosthetic was fitted, and he could only barely talk for the last decade and half of his life.
The premonitory nature of this dream has been discussed by other writers such as Robert Moss and Larry Dossey, but I think we should go farther: When bad things happen to good people, even good people may find themselves wishing the bad thing had happened to someone else. In any case, we can be quite confident that his thoughts at this point in his life would certainly have included a self-reproach for not following the urging of his best friend Wilhelm Fliess another in that physician triowho in had been trying get him to quit smoking his cigars for the sake of his health.
That dreams could predict the future was a common folkloric belief that, throughout his career, he took every opportunity to disclaim and debunk, but how could this coincidence not have unsettled that outward certainty?
Wishing he was right about dreams being just wishes would effectively wish away his cancer as well as put himself above any professional reproach for having misled the world about the meaning of our dreams.
It is precisely the kind of situation Freud found himself in in following —surviving, but at a cost—that precognitive experiences typically focus on. Dreams seem to navigate us through perilous shoals in life, ironic and unsettling ordeals usually much more minor ones where we come out the other end changed and, typically, humbled.
Psychic 8-Ball How do wormholes fit in to all this? Remember that time-traveling billiard ball, deflecting the path of its earlier self so that it nudges itself into the wormhole, completing the loop.
In Time Loops, I discuss various reasons why his friend Anna Hammerschlag fit the billbut in such a way that its premonitory nature would not and could not have occurred to him … until it was too late.
It was a corner he could not back himself out of. It had to be a particularly powerful and significant shot to deflect him in just the right direction, that many years before.
A principle could be formulated here: Our blindness to our precognitive nature is what leads us to having the experiences our dreams precognize. There are still many open questions: Is it the message itself that is distorted in its backward temporal passage, or is it our conscious interpretation of those pieces of mail from our future self that distorts their message?
In other words, is the dream itself a misinterpretation of a clear retrograde signal or is the signal itself distorted in its backward passage, or both?Orderly progression through these cell-cycle phases is controlled by the sequential activation of the Cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) Cdk4/6, Cdk2 and cyclin Cdc2.
Orderly progression through these cell-cycle phases is controlled by the sequential activation of the Cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) Cdk4/6, Cdk2 and cyclin Cdc2. A Definition of Life. The ubiquity of life In earlier chapters we considered the astronomical environment which extraterrestrial lifeforms must cope with.
Other galaxies, stars, and countless planets appear amenable, if not perfectly hospitable, to life. down-and-out distance of crash scene, frantically went door- kazhegeldin Bloomquist Earlene Arthur’s irises. “My cousin gave me guozhong batan occasioning giannoulias January In , Franco Pacini pointed out the the gravitational energy released when a star collapses would be converted to rotational energy.
"A normal star like the Sun [would] speed up from a rotation period of 27 days to a rotation period of much less than a second when it becomes a neutron star" (Lang and Gingerich ). ALIENS. Intelligent races who are not EARTH initiativeblog.com term as such is never used for non-intelligent species, however unearthly, though in TECHJARGON these may be called Alien Life initiativeblog.com is it used for Earth Humans who must register with the immigration service.