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More notes on To Autumn, looking at form and language Summary Keats' speaker opens his first stanza by addressing Autumn, describing its abundance and its intimacy with the sun, with whom Autumn ripens fruits and casues the late flowers to bloom.
In the second stanza, the speaker describes the figure of Autumn as a female goddess, often seen sitting on the granary floor, her hair "soft-lifted" by the wind, and often seen sleeping in the fields or watching a cider-press squeezing the juice from apples.
In the third stanza, the speaker tells Autumn not to wonder where the songs of spring have gone, but instead listen to her own music.
At twilight, the "small gnats" hum above the shallows of the river, lifted and dropped by the wind, and "full-grown lambs" bleat from the hills, crickets sing, robins whistle from the garden, and swallows, gathering fro their coming migration, sing from the skies.
Form Like "Ode on Melancholy", "To Autumn" is written in a three-stanza structure with a variable rhyme scheme. Each stanza is eleven lines long as opposed ten in "Ode on Melancholy"and each is metered in a relatively precise iambic pentameter.
In terms of both thematic organization and rhyme cheme, each stanza is divided roughly into two parts.
In each stanza, the first part is made up of the first four lines of the stanza, and the second part is made up of the last seven lines. The first part of each stanza follows an ABAB rhyme scheme, the first line rhyming with te third, and the second line rhyming with the fourth.
Thematically, the first part of each stanza serves to define the subject of the stanza, and the second part offers room for musing, development, and speculation on that subject.
However, this thematic division is only very general. Themes In both its form and descriptive surface, "To Autumn" is one of the simplist of Keats' odes. There is nothing confusing or complex in Keats' paean to the season of Autumn, with its fruitfulness, its flowers, and the song of its swallows gathering for migration.
The extraordinary achievement of this poem lies in its ability to suggest, explore, and develop a rich abundance of theme withour ever ruffling its calm, gentle and lovely description of Autumn.
Where "Ode on Melancholy" presents itself as a strenuous heroic quest, "To Autumn" is concerned with the much quieter activity of daily observation and appreciation.
In this quietude, the gathered themes of the preceding odes find their fullest and most beautiful expression. Like the others, it shoes Keats' speaker paying homage to a particular goddess; in this case, the deified season of Autumn.
The selection of this season implicitly takes up the other odes' themes of temporality, mortality and change. Autumn in Keats' ode is a time of warmth and plenty, but it is perched on the brink of winters' desolation, as the bees enjoy "later flowers", the harvest is gathered from the fields, the lambs of spring are now "full grown", and in the final line of the poem, the swallows gather for their winter migration.
The understated sense of inevitable loss in the final line makes it one of the most moving moments in all of poetry; it can be read as a simple, uncomplaining summation of the entire human condition.
Despite the coming chill of winter, the late warmth of Autumn provides Keats' speaker with ample beauty to celebrate; the cottage and its surroundings in the first stanza, the agrarian haunts of the goddess in the second, and the locales of natural creatures in the third.
Keats' speaker is able to experience these beauties in a sincere and meaningful way because of the lessons he has learned in the previous odes. He is no longer indolent, no longer committed to the isolated Imagination as in "Psyche"no longer attempting to escape the pain of the world through ecstatic rapture as in "Nightingale"no longer frustrated by the attempt to eternalize mortal beauty or subject eternal beauty to time as in "Urn"and no longer able to frame the connection of pleasure and the sorrow of loss only as an imaginary heroic quest as in "Melancholy".
In "To Autumn", the speaker's experience of beauty refers back to earlier odes the swallows recall the nightingale, the fruit recalls joy's grape, the goddess drowing among the poppies recalls Psyche and Cupis laying in the grassbut it also recalls a wealth of earlier poems.
Most importantly, the image of Autumn winnowing and harvesting in a sequence of odes often explicitly about creativity recalls an earlier Keats poem in which the activity of havesting is an explicit metaphor for artistic creation. In "To Autumn", the metaphor is developed further, the sense of coming loss that permeates the poem confronts the sorrow underlying the season's creativity.
When Autumn's harvest is over, the fields will be bare, the swaths wit their "twined flowers" cut down, the cider-press dry, the skies empty.Ode Writing Worksheet – Noticing Everyday Stuff An “Ode” style poem is a poem that admires something ordinary or shows the importance of .
Sample Cinquains puppy tree ornery, naughty white, tall growling, jumping, chewing reaching, bending, fluttering a playful bundle of trouble leaves and twigs in the wind.
Worksheet 2: Information about stanzas and space to write a "I am ____ and ____." poem. poem. Worksheet 3: example of completed worksheet 2 (can be handed out with worksheet 2 to provide inspiration).
What is Keats ' 'To Autumn' about and what aspects of style have you noticed? The title is the first striking aspect of this poem. Keats has addressed his work specifically to the season; it is not an 'ode to', which would make it less personal, but a direct communication instead.
HOW TO WRITE YOUR ODE Step 2 Brainstorm Ideas - Gather Your Thoughts Step 3 Write your Final Copy Step 4 Publish and Prepare to Present Presentation Step 1 Select the Subject of Your Ode Remember - an ode is a poem of PRAISE for a person, place, or ordinary object.
It focuses on an everyday object, person, or place that we don't . Quick Answer "Ode to a Nightingale" by John Keats is an example of an ode poem. William Wordsworth's "Ode on Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood" and Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind" also are well-known examples of odes.