With the recognition of American Sign Language ASL as a bona fide language, the perception of Deaf people has evolved into the recognition of a vibrant Deaf culture centered around the use of signed languages and the communities of Deaf people. This text also describes how rapid advances in technology, including the Internet as well as new visual and auditory technologies, have not only created opportunities for Deaf people to influence how technology can be used, but additionally has become a powerful force in influencing the behavior of Deaf individuals within diverse national and international societies. This has created opportunities for incorporating diversity and international perspectives into Deaf culture.
The third section cites references to illustrate how the concept of statistical integration of research findings dates back to early 20th century. Citations in the fourth section highlight early calls from educational researchers to recognize the process of synthesizing research as a scholarly endeavor in its own right.
As evident from the citations in the fifth section, it was in the s when monographs exclusively devoted to research synthesis methods started to be published. Since then, a number of books have been published on research synthesis methods.
The sixth section cites some of the most comprehensive books on research synthesis methods and includes contributions from key players of meta-analysis current at the time. The citations in the seventh section illustrate how meta-analysis has become very popular over time.
Several large organizations have been set up and software developed to support systematic reviews of research. These are cited in the eighth section. Citations in the ninth section illustrate critiques of systematic reviews.
As qualitative research is becoming popular in education, sophisticated discussions of issues associated with synthesizing qualitative research have also been published, some of which are cited in the tenth section.
The eleventh section presents a methodologically inclusive account of current developments in research synthesis methods. The final section cites examples of journals exclusively devoted to publishing research reviews and exemplary research synthesis with different methodologies.
Individual methods of research synthesis are discussed chronologically as they became popular in educational research.
Accordingly, this bibliography starts with a discussion of statistical methods of integrating research that parallels the dominance of quantitative research in education until the s. As the popularity and diversity of qualitative research methods have been increasing in educational research, more methodologically inclusive discussions of research synthesis methods are becoming popular as described in the later sections of this bibliography.
General Overview Suri and Clarke comprehensively maps how meta-analysis and research synthesis methods have advanced in education. As noted in most texts on meta-analysis many of which are listed in later sectionsthe authors observe that meta-analysts have played an important role in formalizing the methodology of research synthesis.
To facilitate comparisons across studies, meta-analysis has allowed the bringing together of many seemingly diverse findings from individual primary research studies onto a common metric called an effect size.
After appropriate statistical adjustments of individual effect sizes according to their respective study features, a cumulative effect size can be calculated that is indicative of the direction and the magnitude of the overall trend of findings.
This is followed by tests to identify substantive, methodological, or contextual study features that may be potential moderators of the effect size. Meta-analysts have systematized the entire process of research synthesis by identifying the main tasks in each phase of a research synthesis, highlighting critical decision points within each phase, and allowing discussion of the relative merits of different choices at each decision point.
They advocate explicit statement and justification of the decisions made at each stage of the research synthesis from hypothesis formulation, data selection, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation to public presentation.
There are several types of sensitivity analyses that can examine the dependence of the findings on the assumptions made about the nature of the data.
Over the past three decades, meta-analysts have conducted numerous investigations to examine the robustness of their techniques and have explored ways of refining these techniques, as well as examining many substantive uses in the field of education.
Meta-analysis now has become but one important method in integrative research synthesis. As a large proportion of primary research in education does not lend itself to a meta-analysis, there is a growing interest in methodologically inclusive discussions of quantitative and qualitative research synthesis in education.
The field is now rich in methods, debates, and uses of research synthesis of primary literature.
It is further continuing to become more diverse as more researchers are drawing insights from interpretive, participatory, and critical traditions to the process of synthesizing research.
Suri, Harsh, and David Clarke. Advancements in research synthesis methods: From a methodologically inclusive perspective. Review of Educational Research They deliberately highlight the contributions that are less frequently cited in the dominant literature on meta-analysis.
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For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.How does Deaf culture fit into education, psychology, cultural studies, technology and the arts? Deaf Culture: Exploring Deaf Communities in the United States addresses this through both theoretical and practical information.
With the recognition of American Sign Language (ASL) as a bona fide language, the perception of Deaf people has evolved into the recognition of a vibrant Deaf culture centered around 5/5(1). What is American Sign Language? American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex language that employs signs made by moving the hands combined with facial expressions and postures of .
In an adjusted analysis, deaf individuals were significantly more likely to use the ED (odds ratio [OR], ; 95% confidence interval [CI], –) over the prior 36 months. Conclusion. Deaf American Sign Language users appear to be at greater odds for elevated ED utilization when compared to the general hearing population.
About us. John Benjamins Publishing Company is an independent, family-owned academic publisher headquartered in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. More. Every sign language exists in a community of signers with a long history.
ASL’s history parallels that of schools for deaf children in the United States and Canada. Today deaf children attend different types of schools, not only special schools for deaf children but public schools as well, along with hearing children.
This case report demonstrates challenges diagnosing psychosis in language dysfluent deaf patients. Treatment of a year-old deaf man on an inpatient psychiatric unit is described.