As the population grew in northern Maine, friction developed between rival groups of lumberjacks see Aroostook War. An effort to resolve the situation had been made in when the King of the Netherlands sponsored negotiations, but his endeavor was rejected by the Senate. The resulting Webster-Ashburton Treaty reached agreement on the following points:
Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: The book is well researched and written and fully deserves the Frederick Jackson Turner award for the year's best book-length manuscript in American history which it received in A Study in Anglo-American Relations The University of North Carolina Press, A controversial episode for over a hundred years, the Webster-Ashburton treaty has drawn inordinate scrutiny and criticism from contemporaries and scholars alike.
No less than the dean of diplomatic historians, Samuel Flagg Bemis, once accused Daniel Webster of laundering British bribe money destined for Maine journalists which the author denies and winning a victory for Britain, while chauvinists in both nations called the agreement a sell out.
To resolve all the irritants threatening the Anglo-American relationship any treaty necessarily had to be a "package agreement. The United States, especially Maine, he argues, had been the major obstacle to early solutions proposed by joint commissions and the King of the Netherlands, but, later, Ashburton nearly wrecked negotiations by unexpectedly adopting New Brunswick's demand for the entire Madawaska region.
Clearly, both Great Britain and the United States stood to gain from a boundary settlement though the author believes that Washington secured a "position of strength" along the new border regardless of the long-cherished military route finally won by London.
The final agreement incorporated a new northern boundary, a cruising convention for discouraging African slavers, and an extradition agreement to satisfy the Southern slavocracy.
Ashburton's willingness to back down on Madawaska when he realized that Maine would not yield the southern portion; John C. Calhoun 's crucial support in the Senate; fear of war with Great Britain; Webster's editorials; ignorance of iron ore deposits in the Mesabi and Vermilion Ranges of present Minnesota; adoit newspaper campaigns by both governments; and nimble usage of seemingly limitless varieties of eighteenth-century maps purporting to prove how the other side had been outfoxed Jones's thorough discussion of the "red line" map controversy should quicken the pulse of any cartophile.
Although a vociferous minority in Britain and the United States denounced the treaty and its negotiators, their awkward opposition was overcome. Believing that the treaty not only "possibly prevented an Anglo-American conflict" p. But, he might have added, only when all parties desire peace and have grown weary of the subject.
Polk, Volume IV, Edited by Herbert Weaver and Wayne Cutler. Vanderbilt University Press, It is always good to be able to report that a long-term venture in publishing the papers of an individual maintains, as it reaches midpointthe high standards with which it began, in spite of changes in editorial direction and staff.
Such is the case with the correspondence of James K. This volume marks the retirement of Herbert"On the map to the left, the blue line is the current border between Maine and New Brunswick and Quebec established by the Webster Ashburton Treaty of (also in blue is the western border of Maine with New Hampshire)..
The yellow line was the line the British claimed as the border. The red line was the border claimed by the United States, on the basis of which it undertook various surveys. The Treaty of Paris in left unresolved the boundary between Maine and its Canadian neighbors, New Brunswick and Lower Canada (Quebec).
When Maine became a state in and began granting land to settlers in the Aroostook Valley, disregarding British . This is a good idea. A few events/issues in American racial history come to mind off the top of my head that you might want to add to your timeline eventually, most of them more recent.
The American Documents for the Study of History AMDOCS is maintained by an unfunded group of volunteers dedicated to providing quality materials for free public access, and was founded in The Treaty of Paris () at the end of the War for Independence had only vaguely defined the northeastern boundary of the United States.
As the population grew in northern Maine, friction developed between rival groups of lumberjacks (see Aroostook War).An effort to resolve the situation had been made in when the King of the Netherlands sponsored negotiations, but his endeavor was.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty signed August 9, , was a treaty resolving several border issues between the United States and the British North American colonies, particularly a dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border.